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  1. Unregistered
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    #1

    Noun Phrases

    What are:

    Subject, object of a verb, object of a preposition, subject complement, object complement?

  2. #2

    Re: Noun Phrases

    Off the top of my head, subject is the noun in the sentence that does the action. So, in the sentence, "John goes to the store", John is the subject. The subject compliment is this: "It is I who knew him best." In that sentence, I is the subject compliment. The object of the preposition is a noun that follows a preposition, and is the last part of a prepositional phrase. I explain best with examples: "I went in the house" The object of the preposition is "house". Look up a list of prepositions; there are many. A few are, "in" "on" "into" "to", et cetera. I can't see your post so I can't remember the other questions you had; I will post another one.

  3. #3

    Re: Noun Phrases

    The object of a verb is just the receiver of the action that the subject performs. So, in the sentence, "I eat vegetables", I is the subject, eat is the verb (the action) and vegetables is the object. The object complement (excuse my spelling in the previous post), describes the direct object (make sure you read about direct and indirect objects). So, in "they painted the bookshelf red", red is the object complement, describing bookshelf.


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
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    #4

    Re: Noun Phrases

    Quote Originally Posted by Unregistered View Post
    What are:

    Subject, object of a verb, object of a preposition, subject complement, object complement?
    I baked her a cake in the garden.

    I = S
    baked = V
    her = indirect object (for whom? for her)
    a cake = direct object (of the verb) ( what did I bake? A cake)
    the garden = prepositional complement, object of the prep 'in'
    -------

    I baked a cake for her -- for her = prepositional object, indirect object
    --------

    They elected him president. -- him = object of the verb 'elected'
    president = objective complement (it qualifies the direct object)

    --------

    She is nice. -- nice = subjective complement in predicative position; it serves to describe the subject --> adjective (predication position) --> predicate adjective
    ---
    She is Ann. -- Ann = subjective complement in predicative position; Ann renames 'she' --> noun --> predicate nominative

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