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    #1

    relative clause

    Dear teachers,

    please can you help me to understand the following problem??

    I think Diana finally met somebody which is great. -a correct sentence

    I think Diana finally met somebody who is great. Why is this version incorrect? The relative clause is defining the person- the somebody!

    Thanks a lot. KP


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
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    #2

    Re: relative clause

    Quote Originally Posted by katerina.pata View Post
    Dear teachers,

    please can you help me to understand the following problem??

    I think Diana finally met somebody which is great. -a correct sentence

    I think Diana finally met somebody who is great. Why is this version incorrect? The relative clause is defining the person- the somebody!

    Thanks a lot. KP
    Both your sentences are correct English grammar. They carry different meanings.

    #1: Apply a comma before 'which'. 'which' is a sentential relative pronoun, i.e. it refers to the whole main clause. 'which' means the fact that Diana met someone (is great, is good news).

    #2: here 'who' relates to 'somebody', the adjectival relative clause describes 'someone'. The sentence means Diana met a nice person.

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: relative clause

    Quote Originally Posted by katerina.pata View Post
    Dear teachers,

    please can you help me to understand the following problem??

    I think Diana finally met somebody which is great. -a correct sentence

    I think Diana finally met somebody who is great. Why is this version incorrect? The relative clause is defining the person- the somebody!

    Thanks a lot. KP
    Both sentences are correct but they mean different things.
    I think Diana finally met somebody, which is great. This says that it is great that Diana has finally met someone.
    I think Diana finally met somebody who is great. This says that Diana has finally met someone who is a great person.

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    #4

    Re: relative clause

    Thanks for your prompt reply, Svartnik.
    This seems a reasonable explanation to me, thatīs what I thought was correct...To my surprise the key says that B sentence is incorrect...thatīs why I asked teachers:o))))
    Thanks KP


    • Join Date: Jul 2009
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    #5

    Re: relative clause

    Quote Originally Posted by katerina.pata View Post
    Dear teachers,

    please can you help me to understand the following problem??

    I think Diana finally met somebody which is great. -a correct sentence

    I think Diana finally met somebody who is great. Why is this version incorrect? The relative clause is defining the person- the somebody!

    Thanks a lot. KP
    The second one is correct because we use "who" at the beginning of a relative clause - or adjective clause - to identify a person. The first sentence is not correct because we don't use "which" at the beginning of a relative clause to identify a person.

    The second sentence is correct if you put a comma after "somebody". This, then, shows that you have combined two sentences, or that you have added extra information to sentence. In this case, the clause that begins with "which" is not a restrictive clause, and, therefore, requires a comma.

    Check it out.

    Diana finally met somebody. This is great.

    Diana finally met somebosy, which is great.

    We can see that "which" takes the place of "this" when we combine the two sentences. And, once again, in order for this to work in writing, we need to put a comma after "somebody".

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