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  1. karnation7
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    #1

    by or with?

    Dear teacher, I often find myself confused. I heard both the term "surrounded by" and "surrounded with" and I'm not sure which one is the correct term. Can you help me ?

  2. anupumh's Avatar
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    • Join Date: Jul 2009
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    #2

    Re: by or with?

    Quote Originally Posted by karnation7 View Post
    Dear teacher, I often find myself confused. I heard both the term "surrounded by" and "surrounded with" and I'm not sure which one is the correct term. Can you help me ?
    "Surrounded by" refers to what is happening to the thing/person/etc. that is being surrounded....


    "Surrounded with" refers to the action that is being carried out by the thing/person that is doing the surrounding.

    Surrounded by or with? - WordReference Forums


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
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    #3

    Re: by or with?

    Quote Originally Posted by anupumh View Post
    "Surrounded by" refers to what is happening to the thing/person/etc. that is being surrounded....


    "Surrounded with" refers to the action that is being carried out by the thing/person that is doing the surrounding.

    Surrounded by or with? - WordReference Forums
    I disagree.

    I am surrounded by my friends -- the action of my friends taking place around me has taken place

    I am surrounded by my friends -- I am in a state of being located within a circle of friends

    Both readings are possible.

    I surrounded with my friends. -- I do not think we use 'with' with friends


    • Join Date: Oct 2009
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    #4

    Re: by or with?

    Thank you both for answering, but I believe I'm still confused...


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
    • Posts: 2,886
    #5

    Re: by or with?

    Quote Originally Posted by karnation7 View Post
    Thank you both for answering, but I believe I'm still confused...
    A case of the blind leading the blind.

    'surrounded with' denotes a looser configuration than 'surrounded by'.

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