Student or Learner
The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The line graph demonstrates the percentages of senior citizens (at least 76 years old) in USA, Sweden and Japan from 1940 to 2040.
We can clearly see fluctuations in this graph. In 1940, the figures for USA, Sweden and Japan were 9%, 7% and 5% respectively. As for Sweden and USA, the percentage grew from 1940 to 1980, reached 14% and 15% respectively. After that, the proportion of American elder people remained and will be stable untill 2020. From then on, the figure will jump dramatically from about 15% in 2020 to approximately 23% in 2040. While Sweden will experience an evident up and down trend then rocket to 25% in 2040. Notwithstanding this trend at all, Japanese older people’ percentage decreased a little to 3% in 1960, then became stable to about 1985. A slow increase happened in Japan from 1985 to 2030(10%). At last, after a dramatic rise, the number will come to 28% in 2040, passing America and Sweden.
It seems the general trend of aged people percentage is rising and will rise notably within next 3 decades.
The two things that strike me immediately are:
- In all three countries there is an expected rise from 5-10% in 1940 to 23-27% in 2040.
- The rate in Japan is expected to remain relatively low until ~2030, after which the rate is expected to rise dramatically to pass the other two countries by 2040.