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  1. Volcano1985's Avatar
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    #1

    The 1980s ---- a surge of new interest

    The 1980s ---- a surge of new interest ---- the definition of intelligence.

    A) have brought / to be expanding
    B) had brought / having expanded
    C) were bringing / to have expanded
    D) brought / in expanding
    E) would have brought / to expand


    Could you explain me why D?

  2. Nannou's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: The 1980s ---- a surge of new interest

    Quote Originally Posted by Volcano1985 View Post
    The 1980s ---- a surge of new interest ---- the definition of intelligence.

    A) have brought / to be expanding
    B) had brought / having expanded
    C) were bringing / to have expanded
    D) brought / in expanding
    E) would have brought / to expand

    Could you explain me why D?
    The sentence refers to a definite period of time in the past(80s)which means that the action of bringing a surge of new interest is achieved. That's why we need to use the simple past: "brought."


    • Join Date: Nov 2009
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    #3

    Re: The 1980s ---- a surge of new interest

    Quote Originally Posted by Volcano1985 View Post
    The 1980s ---- a surge of new interest ---- the definition of intelligence.

    A) have brought / to be expanding
    B) had brought / having expanded
    C) were bringing / to have expanded
    D) brought / in expanding
    E) would have brought / to expand


    Could you explain me why D?
    I think the best way to answer this kind of question is to look at the sentence "progressively," that is:

    The 1980s did something, what? It brought something; brought what? A new interest; a new interest in what? In expanding; in expanding what? The definition of intelligence.

    Although figuring out the correct form of the verb in this case might seem troublesome, the second part, to me, clearly requires a preposition, which leaves options D and E as the possible answers. Moreover, using option E leaves the sentence sounding like an incomplete thought, leaving D as the better answer.

    Also, option A is clearly wrong as the subject of the sentence, is in the 3rd person of the singular which would require the verb to be "has", rather than "have".

    Finally, completing the sentences with B or C seems to me, to result in sentences that hardly make any sense...

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