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    #1

    Inflection/Derivation

    Hello, can somebody explain to me the difference between inflectional and derivational suffixes? If derivational suffixes create a new word belonging to a different part of speech, how come "firmly" is inflectional?

    Thank you in advance.

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    #2

    Re: Inflection/Derivation

    Quote Originally Posted by IlmatawTam View Post
    Hello, can somebody explain to me the difference between inflectional and derivational suffixes? If derivational suffixes create a new word belonging to a different part of speech, how come "firmly" is inflectional?

    Thank you in advance.
    Derivation changes a word's category, whereas inflection does not:


    Inflection
    [1] Add the suffix -s to the singular noun dog and it become a plural noun dogs. There is no change in category. They are both nouns.


    Derivation
    [2] Add the suffix -ly to the adjective firm and it becomes the adverb firmly. There is a change in category: an adjective becomes an adverb. This is derivation.


    In short, derivation changes a word's category; inflection, on the other hands, does not alter a word's grammatical category.

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