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    #1

    the polysemy of "over"

    Dear teachers,

    Would you be kind enough to share with me your opinion concerning the usage of the “over” in the following sentences?

    Our control over nature is increasing every day.

    The Chinese made the kite of a flight framework of bamboo over which there was a cover of strong paper.

    During the I.G.Y. scientists from over sixty nations studied the surface of the earth on a scale never before possible.

    Radiation is a high-speed process which may transfer heat energy over great distances.

    The flight path of a space vehicle can be very appreciably influenced and great increases in velocity imaprte by very small forces acting over long periods of time.

    Ramjet is an advance over a piston engine.

    One of the main advantages of fusion energy over chemical energy is the vastly greater content achieved per pound of fuel.

    Thank you for your efforts.

    Regards,

    V.

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    #2

    Exclamation Re: the polysemy of "over"

    Quote Originally Posted by vil View Post
    Dear teachers,








    Would you be kind enough to share with me your opinion concerning the usage of the “over” in the following sentences?
    • Our control over nature is increasing every day.(in control of)
    • The Chinese made the kite of a flight framework of bamboo over which there was a cover of strong paper.(above in place or position, so that one thing covers the other)
    • During the I.G.Y. scientists from over sixty nations studied the surface of the earth on a scale never before possible.(across or throughout)
    • Radiation is a high-speed process which may transfer heat energy over great distances.(the length of distance connected with something that has been happening)
    • The flight path of a space vehicle can be very appreciably influenced and great increases in velocity imparted by very small forces acting over long periods of time. (the length of time connected with something that has been happening)
    • Ramjet is an advance over a piston engine.(in preference to or above or in degree of advantage)
    • One of the main advantages of fusion energy over chemical energy is the vastly greater content achieved per pound of fuel.(in preference to or above or in degree of advantage)
    Thank you for your efforts.

    Regards,

    V.
    All are Ok with diversity in meanihg. Polysemy refers to a word that has two or more similar meanings. In that sense (meanings in brackets), (1), (2) and (3) have dissimilar meanings and hence can not be termed as polysemy. However, (4) with (5) and (6) with (7) have similar meanings.
    Last edited by sarat_106; 22-Nov-2009 at 03:08.

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    #3

    Re: the polysemy of "over"

    Hi sarat106,

    Thank you for your selfless backing.

    And yet I have to take a firm stand concerning the interpretation of the term “polysemy”.

    polysemy = the ambiguity of an individual word or phrase that can be used (in different contexts) to express two or more different meanings

    The association of one word with a number of meanings. If these meanings are quite distinct the words are homonyms, but frequently there is a range of analogical uses (plain prose, plain sailing) suggesting that it is wrong simply to distinguish distinct senses.

    over = (adj.) accomplished, closed, completed, concluded, done with, ended, finished, forgotten, gone, in the past, settled, up
    (adv.) above, beyond, extra, in addition, in excess, left, on high, overhead, remaining, superfluous, surplus, unclaimed, unused, unwanted
    (prep) above, exceeding, in charge of, in command of, more than, on top of, upon

    Here are a few additional examples:

    The main myth is that the crisis is over.
    Summer is over.
    The play is over.
    The rain is over.
    It’s over and done with.

    over = at an end

    Stay a day over.

    over = beyond or until a specified time

    We have to turn something over and over.

    over = in repetition

    We had to do it over.

    over = another time

    He is over from Greece.

    He livesover in England.

    They live over the pond.

    over = across a distance in a particular direction or at a location

    Ask him over.

    Lots of food left over.

    Keep what is left over.

    I have trouble over money.

    Children of fourteen and over.

    In my humble opinion “over” is a very ticklish word which takes close and undivided attention.

    Regards,

    V.

  1. konungursvia's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: the polysemy of "over"

    They're all similar in any case. The mental image of extension, and coverage across it, is present in all of the above.

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    #5

    Re: the polysemy of "over"

    Very informative posts, Vil.

  3. konungursvia's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: the polysemy of "over"

    Yes, Vil is a champion among English scholars.

  4. Offroad's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: the polysemy of "over"

    indeed.

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