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    #1

    use of a comma who is the subject?

    Descendants of of such members who were, on June 1, 1934, residing within the present boundaries of any Indian reservation.
    Q. Who had to be living there? Descendants or members?

  1. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: use of a comma who is the subject?

    Anyone could have been living there -- the members, I guess, but members of what, I don't know. This applies to the descendants of those people. Edit "those people" = those living there in 1934.
    Last edited by Barb_D; 01-Dec-2009 at 06:20.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

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    #3

    Re: use of a comma who is the subject?

    I think that proximity matters. The last noun is members, so to me, those are the ones who should have been living there at that time.


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    #4

    Re: use of a comma who is the subject?

    Quote Originally Posted by terryaonsunray View Post
    Descendants of such members who were, on June 1, 1934, residing within the present boundaries of any Indian reservation.
    Q. Who had to be living there? Descendants or members?
    A third opinion:

    The antencedent of 'who' is the head of the NP, (D)escendants.
    This is not a sentence. This is a lengthy nominal phrase, so do not capitalize and put a period at the end of it.

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    #5

    Re: use of a comma who is the subject?

    I agree with jlinger, it refers to the members (of a tribe?) who were living on a reservation in 1934, and, subsequently, to their decendants.


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    #6

    Re: use of a comma who is the subject?

    "Descendants of such members who were" The lack of comma tells me this is an example of non-reduced postmodification. The antecedent can't be anything other than 'descendants'. 'who' means this:

    'such (we do not know which) members' is a group and they have descendants. 'who' refers only to part of the descendants (of 'such group'). 'who' refers to those individuals who were the descendants of 'such members' plus who were, on June 1, 1934, residing within the present boundaries of any Indian reservation. And this sub-group, for which both these previous two statements hold true, is a sub-set of (D)escendants. The sub-set is defined by the postmodifications:

    - of such members
    - who were...
    Last edited by Kondorosi; 01-Dec-2009 at 10:57.

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