# Thread: classify the function of a clause

1. ## classify the function of a clause

thanks for any helps!

1)you surely don't begrudge him his happiness.
what is the function of the noun phrase?i want to realize its relationship
with other parts of clause.

2)we have no need to be afraid of them.
the sentence has been completed in the part of"we have no need",so "to be afraid of them" is optional and it functions as a adjective. is it correct?

2. ## Re: classify the function of a clause

Originally Posted by nono1994
thanks for any helps!

1)you surely don't begrudge him his happiness.
what is the function of the noun phrase?i want to realize its relationship
with other parts of clause.
'begrudge' is a ditransitive verb here.
his success = direct object -- it receives the action; 'his success' is what gets someone's envy
him = indirect object -- it is the referent of 'him' to whom the act of begrudging his success is given

Originally Posted by nono1994
2)we have no need to be afraid of them.
the sentence has been completed in the part of"we have no need",so "to be afraid of them" is optional and it functions as a adjective. is it correct?
need = noun; object of have
to be afraid of them = objective complement; adjectival; an objective complement is needed to complete the meaning of the object

3. ## Re: classify the function of a clause

Originally Posted by
need = noun; object of have
to be afraid of them = [B
objective complement[/B]; adjectival; an objective complement is needed to complete the meaning of the object
do you mean that the object complement is necessary to complete the meaning of the object?if yes,let's consider the following example:

1)I presented a car to my sister

"a car"is the indirect object of the verb"presented",and "to my sister"is a prepositional
phrase which functions as a direct object ,isn't it

4. ## Re: classify the function of a clause

Originally Posted by nono1994
do you mean that the object complement is necessary to complete the meaning of the object?
Absolutely. I do.

Originally Posted by nono1994
if yes,let's consider the following example:

1)I presented a car to my sister

"a car"is the indirect object of the verb"presented",and "to my sister"is a prepositional
phrase which functions as a direct object ,isn't it

No, no, Nono!

This is how you can elicit the direct object: I presented a what? A car. The direct object, as you will recall, is the thing that is on the receiving end of the action. Car is the direct object. It receives the action. to my sister is not an object complement, no! It says to whom the car is presented. My sister is to whom the direct object is given.

1. I presented my sister with a car.
2. I presented a car to my sister.

Recipient adverbials and indirect objects are alike in that they require a mediating element (a preposition or a direct object). What is 'with a car'? a car receives the action. One might think, with some justification, that it is the direct object. MY understanding is that this sentence does not have a direct object. Instead, it has an oblique direct object.

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