Student or Learner
Hi! I still have doubts concerning the interrogative sentences. I know this is a correct sentence: "Who is he?. He is ...", " I know who he is".
Then, what I donīt know is why the next sentence is not formed with the interrogative did + infinitive, as I have read in some place.
"Who took you to the airport?"
I mean , it shouldnīt be: " Who did take you to the airport?" as.
" Where did you go?".
Is it that when we use "who" we donīt use "did + infinitive" as in the rest of sentences?.
So I suppose we must say:" What made you feel like that?" instead of "What did make you feel like that?".
I hope this question could be clear enought. Thanks a lot!
I will postulate a rule. It covers the common question words: Who, Where, When, Why, What, How in the simple past.(in Modern English).
Note in the following correct sentences that the two question words that take the simple past tense (rather than did + bare infinitive) are Who and What. These words can be pronouns, whereas the others are not. Note also that the answer uses the simple past irrespective of the question form.
Other personal pronouns (whose, whom, which) behave like Who/What. in questions.
Sentences in blue use the simple past. Sentences in black use ‘did + bare infinitive”.
Who did you take to the airpot? (I took Jane to the airport)
Who took you to the airport? (Jane took me to the airport)
What did he do to you? (He beat me with a stick).
What did you do to him? (I forgave him).
What flew past the window just then? (A bird flew past the window)
What took you to the aiport.(A taxi took me).
Where did you put it? (I put it in the bin.)
Where did she put you? (She put me on the sofa.)
Where did … [invariable in questions]
When did you pick him up? (I picked him up after dinner).
When did she pick you up? (She picked me up last night).
When did … [invariable in questions]
Why did you take him to the airport? (I took him to the airport because …)
Why did he take you to the airport (He took me to the airport because … )
Why did … [invariable in questions]
How did you get him to talk? (I threatened him)
How did he get you to talk? (He threatened me)
How did … [invariable in questions]
Take a look at this thread: http://www.usingenglish.com/forum/as...questions.html
Hi again Ynmisky!
So, If the subject is not in the sentence( specifically) you donīt use the auxiliary. Is this the rule I must follow ?. Then, if so, the only problem is to know whether the subject is in the sentence or not. It comes into my mind two examples, or two kind of constructions for interrogative sentences without auxiliary:
" What made you feel like that?"
" Who brought the cake?"
So, is the rule I have just explained good?. Are there more cases or sort of sentences without auxiliary?.
I thank you so much!! Regards!
P.D. I have just seen your last two messages; after writting mine. Thanks again, I am going to read them right now.
Last edited by for learning; 20-Dec-2009 at 19:22. Reason: Just seeing last replies
Hi again!. After reading your message I can see that I was very close to understand the subject. Very clearly explained. Thank you very much to both of you, your explanations have been very clear and useful, really.
- Who lives here? My friend does.
- Who will drive the car? Tom will.
- Who will give Karen a hug? Tom will give Karen a hug.
- What made Cathy feel so bad? Her marks made her feel so bad.
- What went to Chicago? The car went to Chicago.
- Who studies English? I study English.
On the next ones, one asks about the object:
- Where does Kathy live? She lives in Chicago.
- Whom will you give a hug? I will give her a hug.
- Whom will Tom give a hug? Tom will give Karen a hug.
- Where did the car go? The car went to Chicago.
- What do you study? I study English.
Thank you so much!. I think I caugh it!