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    #1

    Smile die--linking verb?

    Dear teacher,

    I ran into the following sentence at another forum, and the original threader and I are dying to know whether die is a linking verb, because it is followed by an adjective.

    He died young.

    I indeed did a google search and fail to find the answer of my question. Could you clarify it to me? Thanks in advance.


    LQZ

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    #2

    Re: die--linking verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by LQZ View Post
    Dear teacher,

    I ran into the following sentence at another forum, and the original threader and I are dying to know whether die is a linking verb, because it is followed by an adjective.

    He died young.

    I indeed did a google search and fail to find the answer of my question. Could you clarify it to me? Thanks in advance.


    LQZ
    I am not a grammarian, much far from that. Only the other day I began studying what a linking verb is. However, I will give a try here.

    In my opinion, "died" here cannot be considered as a linking verb, because "die" implies a kind of a action, that is the very act of dying. It is an intransitiv verb. Yor sentence could as well read simply "He died," with a complete meaning.

    If you want a linking verb, you could say:
    "He is young" or "He seems young".

    So I can't see "die" in your example as a linking verb, nor can I think about any other example where "die" could do a linking verb job.

    PS Not a native speaker (neither grammarian nor linguistic)

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    #3

    Exclamation Re: die--linking verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by ymnisky View Post
    I am not a grammarian, much far from that. Only the other day I began studying what a linking verb is. However, I will give a try here.

    In my opinion, "died" here cannot be considered as a linking verb, because "die" implies a kind of a action, that is the very act of dying. It is an intransitiv verb. Yor sentence could as well read simply "He died," with a complete meaning.

    If you want a linking verb, you could say:
    "He is young" or "He seems young".

    So I can't see "die" in your example as a linking verb, nor can I think about any other example where "die" could do a linking verb job.

    PS Not a native speaker (neither grammarian nor linguistic)
    Nicely explained.

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    #4

    Re: die--linking verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by ymnisky View Post
    I am not a grammarian, much far from that. Only the other day I began studying what a linking verb is. However, I will give a try here.

    In my opinion, "died" here cannot be considered as a linking verb, because "die" implies a kind of a action, that is the very act of dying. It is an intransitiv verb. Yor sentence could as well read simply "He died," with a complete meaning.

    If you want a linking verb, you could say:
    "He is young" or "He seems young".

    So I can't see "die" in your example as a linking verb, nor can I think about any other example where "die" could do a linking verb job.

    PS Not a native speaker (neither grammarian nor linguistic)
    Thank you for your quick reply.

    But I am still confused about why an adjective (=young) is following the intransitive verb (=die). Could you please explain it to me? Thanks.

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    #5

    Exclamation Re: die--linking verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by LQZ View Post
    Thank you for your quick reply.

    But I am still confused about why an adjective (=young) is following the intransitive verb (=die). Could you please explain it to me? Thanks.
    Linking verbs do not express action. They help make a statement and they link a noun or an adjective to the subject. Transitive action verbs can take a noun as its direct object but an intransitive verb can take a noun with a preposition but an adjective directly as subject complement. To remove the confusion, please remember that the connection between the subject to the noun or adjective by a linking verb is something like an equal sign.
    She is tall. -- She = tall.(liking verb)
    Barack. Obama becomes president.- Barack. Obama = president- .(liking verb)
    He died young He (not equal to ) young (action verb)

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    #6

    Re: die--linking verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by sarat_106 View Post
    Linking verbs do not express action. They help make a statement and they link a noun or an adjective to the subject. Transitive action verbs can take a noun as its direct object but an intransitive verb can take a noun with a preposition but an adjective directly as subject complement. To remove the confusion, please remember that the connection between the subject to the noun or adjective by a linking verb is something like an equal sign.
    She is tall. -- She = tall.(liking verb)
    Barack. Obama becomes president.- Barack. Obama = president- .(liking verb)
    He died young He (not equal to ) young (action verb)
    Thank you, sarat, I do think your interpretation is convincing.

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    #7

    Re: die--linking verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by LQZ View Post
    He died young.
    Looks like a copular verb sentence to me because the word "young" is a predicate-adjective complement that joins the copular verb "died" to describe the subject "He".

    Support for "young" as a complement is found in the paraphrase:

    When he died he was young.

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    #8

    Exclamation Re: die--linking verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by mxreader View Post
    Looks like a copular verb sentence to me because the word "young" is a predicate-adjective complement that joins the copular verb "died" to describe the subject "He".

    Support for "young" as a complement is found in the paraphrase:

    When he died he was young.
    To be sure about it, please read the discussion and list of copular verbs: copular verbs?? - UsingEnglish.com ESL Forum


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    #9

    Re: die--linking verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by LQZ View Post
    Thank you, sarat, I do think your interpretation is convincing.
    However, unfortunately, spurious.

    He died young
    In this sentence, the copula verb links the subject with one of its attributes.

    He died young.
    He was young.

    Let us suppose 'died' is not a copula.
    What argument role may 'young' assume then?

    - SVO -- an object slot is filled by a noun and 'young' is not a noun
    - SVA -- no, 'young' does not describe the time of the action; it describes the subject

    'died' is a copular verb, a state-of-existence copula.

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    #10

    Re: die--linking verb?

    The follwoing definition of linking verbs is taken from www.yourdictionary.com

    Since linking verbs, also referred to as copulas or copular verbs, don't function in the same way as typical verbs in showing action, it can sometimes be tricky to recognize them. These types of verbs show a relationship between the subject and the sentence complement, the part of the sentence following the verb. They connect or link the subject with more information words that further identify or describe the subject. While standard verbs are indicative of action, linking verbs identify a relationship or existing condition. These are sometimes described as performing the function of an equal sign because they provide the connection between a subject and a certain state.
    Based on the above, we can try transfering some examples this way:

    he looked tired ---> he was tired, or he = tired;
    she acted suprised---> she was surprised, or she = surprised
    she remains young ---> she is young, or she = young.

    But, it manner doesn't work on the original sentence.

    He died young.
    He was young.
    They have definitely different meanings.

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