Student or Learner
I have to answer this question in a essay type of 3 paragraphs
I am lost because I don't know where to begin and my teacher is really severe. Please help me
Discuss the differences between 1a and 1b regarding the syntactic and semantic properties of the verbs remain and criticize, and those of the NP a keen supporter of the proposal in each sentences. To do so, you may find useful to provide an account of the difference in grammaticality between 2a and 2b.
1a John remained a keen supporter of the proposal.
1b John criticized a keen supporter of the proposal.
2a* A keen supporter of the proposal was remained by John.
b A keen supporter of the proposal was critized by John.
the * in 2a indicates that indeed it is ungrammatical. The passivization is used here to show the difference between the verb remain and criticize.
I think I kind of understand the exercice but my problem is the formulation. What is the difference between a predicative complement and a direct object?
1a. The verb remain is a regular and intransitive verb used in past tense with active voice. It can not take a direct object without use of an appropriate preposition. So use as or like to join the underlined expression a noun phrase with the sentence. It can not be coverted to passive form
1b. The verb criticize is a regular and transitive verb used in past tense and active voice. The noun phrase (underlined) is the direct object of the verb.
2a. It can not work.
2b. This is Ok as a passive form of 2a.