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    #1

    Headlines - Gerund

    Hello,
    This could be a bit more complex.
    In headlines I often read such things:
    (Imaginary examples)
    Three years old boy driving a car.
    Man eating food on the moon.
    Soldiers showing new dangerous weapons.


    It's about the gerund.
    Is this some special gerund?
    I thought:
    - adding an is or an are = wrong, or at least not necessary
    - using Simple Present = wrong,
    or at least not necessary

    Maybe this gerund does not say anything about the time.

    I hope you can understand my question although it could be a bit strange.

    Cheers!

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    #2

    Re: Headlines - Gerund

    Quote Originally Posted by Nightmare85 View Post
    Hello,
    This could be a bit more complex.
    In headlines I often read such things:
    (Imaginary examples)
    Three years old boy driving a car.
    Man eating food on the moon.
    Soldiers showing new dangerous weapons.

    It's about the gerund.
    Is this some special gerund?
    I thought:
    - adding an is or an are = wrong, or at least not necessary
    - using Simple Present = wrong, or at least not necessary

    Maybe this gerund does not say anything about the time.A three

    I hope you can understand my question although it could be a bit strange.

    Cheers!
    ***NOT A TEACHER***Nightmare 85: You have asked a great question. (1) Newspapers, as you know, often delete words to save space in headlines and captions (words under the pictures). My books tell me that those -ing words in your sentences are not called "gerunds." As you know, gerunds are used like nouns. But those -ing words in your sentences are acting like adjectives. For example: "driving a car" tells us about the "three-year-old boy." So the books tell us to call the -ing word a participle. By the way, you are right: if you add a form of "be," it becomes the progressive/continuous: A three-year-old boy is/was driving a car. Thank you.

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    #3

    Exclamation Re: Headlines - Gerund

    Quote Originally Posted by TheParser View Post
    ***NOT A TEACHER***Nightmare 85: You have asked a great question. (1) Newspapers, as you know, often delete words to save space in headlines and captions (words under the pictures). My books tell me that those -ing words in your sentences are not called "gerunds." As you know, gerunds are used like nouns. But those -ing words in your sentences are acting like adjectives. For example: "driving a car" tells us about the "three-year-old boy." So the books tell us to call the -ing word a participle. By the way, you are right: if you add a form of "be," it becomes the progressive/continuous: A three-year-old boy is/was driving a car. Thank you.
    Three years old boy driving a car.
    Man eating food on the moon.
    Soldiers showing new dangerous weapons.

    You are absolutely right. These expressions are basically phrases. The ‘ing’ form of a verb, also known as present participle can be used as an adjective or a noun. When used as noun it is called gerund and as an adjective it modifies a noun. Here the participle forms are used as participle phrases (underlined) to modify the preceding nouns such as boy, man and soldiers respectively..

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