Student or Learner
Please help me analyze the following sentences.
A. "This food has a shape and color similar to those of the Mongolian dumpling."
B. "This food has a shape and color similar to the Mongolian dumpling."
I am inclined to say B, but I'm not sure if the grammar is strictly correct.
How about these?
C. "This food has a simiar shape and color as those of the Mongolian dumpling."
D. "This food has a similar shape and color as the Mongolian dumpling."
Please understand that, in this case, I am more interested in the grammatical analysis than knowing which one sounds more/less awkwardly.
Should I assume that the sentence B and D have the hidden (ommitted) "those of" before "the Mongolian dumpling"?
My point is, the Mongolian dumpling is not similar to the shape and color of "this food". The shape and color of the Mongolian dumpling are.
On the other hand "shape and color" could be thought of as one identifying feature which is similar in this food and the Mongolian dumpling. This would allow:
"This food has a shape and color similar to that of the Mongolian dumpling."
In D, you need "to" not "as".
B is best even if it has the problem you mentioned. But it's a case of pragmatics. If we say, "A cat has a nose similar to a rabbit", it's accepted that we mean "... a nose similar to a rabbit's nose".
It gets a bit frustrating when a language doesn't strictly follow a logic and 'you just have to know it'. I have to say English has more such irregularities than some other languages. Of course that's a reason why languages are interesting. They are like living creatures.