Student or Learner
What does short of mean as in:1. There must be punishments, short of executions; 2. Department's abilities may not be brought to bear short of a presidential order. Thanks
So in (1) it means 'other than' right? Is it just 'other than' or it also implies that 'executions are most likely than other punishments'?
Sorry I don't get explanation (2). Does it mean that the president may not issue the order for the department's cause?
bring to bear
1. To exert; apply: bring pressure to bear on the student's parents.
2. To put (something) to good use: "All of one's faculties are brought to bear in an effort to become fully incorporated into the landscape" (Barry Lopez).
from bring to bear - definition of bring to bear by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.
I didn't understand the sentence until I read the above.
The department's abilities may not be brought to bear, (short of)(except for) a presidential order.
"short of" very often appears at the beginning of the sentence.
(Short of)(Except for) a presidential order, the department's abilities may not be brought to bear.
(Short of)(Except for) actually doing his work for him, I did all I could to help him.