Student or Learner
What pronouns can I use for 'insects' and 'animals'?
Please give an example.
Unless the gender is known and significant to the discussion, use "it."
"I watched in fear as it tore apart my tent, looking for food."
"I had come between a mother and her cub. It was not a nice place to be!"
"It was just sitting there nibbling on a leaf."
=but, regarding a praying mantis,
"She eats the head of her mate immediately after copulation."
Even if the name of the insect/etc implies a gender, if it isn't known or significant, then use "it": "I watched the black widow spider as it ate the fly."
Personal pets are generally considered members of the family, and are either "he" or "she" rather than "it."
I hope this helps?