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    #1

    grammar

    THis is one of those questions that are dreaded!!

    'He's from Austria NOT Australia'

    How can you explain the grammatical role of the word 'NOT'

    I know it contrasts the previous info. but is this enough as an explanation?

  1. Raymott's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: grammar

    Quote Originally Posted by smusca View Post
    THis is one of those questions that are dreaded!!

    'He's from Austria NOT Australia'

    How can you explain the grammatical role of the word 'NOT'

    I know it contrasts the previous info. but is this enough as an explanation?
    He's from Austria, (he's) not (from) Australia.
    'He's' covers both phrases, so: He's from Austria, not (from) Australia.
    There's no need to repeat 'from': He's from Austria, not Australia.
    I'd use a comma.

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    #3

    Re: grammar

    Quote Originally Posted by smusca View Post
    THis is one of those questions that are dreaded!!

    'He's from Austria NOT Australia'

    How can you explain the grammatical role of the word 'NOT'

    I know it contrasts the previous info. but is this enough as an explanation?
    ***NOT A TEACHER***smusca, good morning. What a coincidence. I am also interested in this kind of contrasted element. (1) Some sources say that the comma is a substitute for the conjunction "and." (2) Almost all books call "not" an adverb. (3) Regarding its grammatical role, there is a difference of opinion. I agree with those authorities who say it modifies the prepositional phrase ("from Australia"). After all, if you erased the word "not," the sentence would have a whole different meaning. The adverb seems to modify/ refer to/ focus on the prepositional phrase. Thank you.

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