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    • Join Date: Jan 2010
    • Posts: 2
    #1

    help I am brain dead!

    I need to show the form of the following....for these 2 I have become brain dead.....
    I NEEDN'T HAVE BROUGHT that milk.

    I STOPPED TO GIVE my friend a lift vs I STOPPED GIVING my friend a lift.

    Please wake my brain up and unblock my blockage!!
    Thanks

  1. Mehrgan's Avatar
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      • Native Language:
      • Persian
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      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Apr 2009
    • Posts: 1,742
    #2

    Re: help I am brain dead!

    Quote Originally Posted by Mahboula Jan View Post
    I need to show the form of the following....for these 2 I have become brain dead.....
    I NEEDN'T HAVE BROUGHT that milk.

    I STOPPED TO GIVE my friend a lift vs I STOPPED GIVING my friend a lift.

    Please wake my brain up and unblock my blockage!!
    Thanks


    Hi,
    (not a teacher...)
    "I NEEDN'T HAVE BROUGHT that milk." By saying this you mean that bringing that milk was not necessary (in the past), or there wasn't any need for that, but you brought it. The opposite of this could be expressed by "You should have brought that milk" which means in the past it was necessary for you to bring it, but you idn't.



    "I STOPPED TO GIVE my friend a lift." If after the verb "stop" the second verb is in an infinitive form it means that you were doing something, then you stopped and started a new activity. I your example you were driving when you saw a friend of yours, so you pulled over to give them a lift. However, if after "stop" the second verb comes with an "-ing" it means that you were doing something and you decided to give up doing the same thing. In your exampe, you used to give your friend a lift, say everyday, but you decided not to do that any longer.


    So, "To stop to do Sth" = To stop because you want to do Sth new
    "To stop doing Sth" = To quit doing Sth (that you no longer wish to continue.)
    Last edited by Mehrgan; 07-Feb-2010 at 00:35.


    • Join Date: Jan 2010
    • Posts: 2
    #3

    Re: help I am brain dead!

    Thanks for you reply. So what you are saying is. needn't have brought is past? past simple????? Really I think my brain is better at knowing and learning foreign languages, certainly not my own! I have a massive block on Grammar!!

  2. Mehrgan's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: help I am brain dead!

    Quote Originally Posted by Mahboula Jan View Post
    Thanks for you reply. So what you are saying is. needn't have brought is past? past simple????? Really I think my brain is better at knowing and learning foreign languages, certainly not my own! I have a massive block on Grammar!!

    Yes. It's used when you want to refer to a time in the past.
    For example, yesterday you posted to ask about your problem, and now I say "you needn't have asked anybody!", "you should have checked it in your grammar book." That is, "yesterday, it wasn't necessary to post such a thing", instead, "it was necessary for you to check your book."

    Not a teacher...

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    #5

    Re: help I am brain dead!

    It refers to past time but it is not the past simple- that's needed.


    • Join Date: Feb 2010
    • Posts: 5
    #6

    Re: help I am brain dead!

    needn't is actually a modal.

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