The profitability of fur the fur trade brought more and more settlers and trappers to Canada from the
European countries. The fur trade was an incentive for expanding European claims over native lands, a way to extend dominance over the native, and the attempts of the Roman Catholic Church to convert the natives to Christianity. Those were major disruption for native society.

Land was cleared for settlements and the supply of fur bearing animals was threatened. As a result, the harvesting of fur bearing animals through hunting and trapping created decline in the animal population. The fur trade brought Indians useful items, such as tools, blankets and manufactured goods, but also made them suffering through the introduction of disease, firearms, loss of culture, and loss of territory. For instance, an economic historian Harold Innis argued that fur trade gave Canada its present boundaries in searching of fur especially beaver.