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    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Bulgarian
      • Home Country:
      • Bulgaria
      • Current Location:
      • Bulgaria

    • Join Date: Sep 2007
    • Posts: 5,000
    #1

    fume(v),(n)/rule out/crime-ridden/out of the blue/root out

    Dear teachers,

    Would you be kind enough to tell me whether I am right with my interpretation of the expressions in bold in the following sentences?

    Over the last few days, the Russian press has been fuming about Bulgaria's pipeline strategies.

    She fumed over /about/ trifles.

    fume = be mad, angry, or furious

    The chimney was fuming.

    fume = emit a cloud of fine particles

    Normally the oak is made into furniture and then fumed.

    fume = treat with fumes, expose to fumes, especially with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests

    The odors of asphalt and bus fumes and new-mown rye grass mingled with the smells of books and stale baloney sandwiches and sweaty gym clothes.

    The fruits of the Bulgarian-Soviet friendship, emitting poisonous fumes during the communism, and their carcasses all over Bulgaria today are a stark reminder.

    fume = a cloud of fine particles suspended in a gas

    The expert did not rule out the possibility that the Russian authorities, tired of Bulgaria's procrastination, could modify the pipeline route, leaving Sofia empty-handed.

    We have to find a baby-sitter for tonight; Betsy has a date, so that rules her out.

    The doctor took X rays to rule out the chance of broken bones.

    rule out = eliminate from consideration, exclude

    The principal ruled out dances on school nights.

    The play was ruled out by the referee.

    rule out = to say that (something) must not be done; not allow; also: decide against

    Father's death seems to rule out college for Jean.

    Betsy's date for the dance ruled out any baby-sitting that evening.

    rule out = to make impossible; prevent

    Bulgarians gave a staggering confidence vote to Borisov and his Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria (GERB) party with the hope his strong hand will institute some order in the crime-ridden country, punish the guilty and bring Bulgaria closer to the Western World by restoring its prestige in the EU.

    The government cash was intended to put new life into Birmingham's crime-ridden slums.

    He has the tacit support of religious leaders in Italy's crime-ridden south.

    crime-ridden = dominated or plagued by crime

    In February “Octopus” was launched to counter money laundering, VAT draining, racketeering, illegal drugs’ trade and almost any crime on the books.

    VAT = value-added tax

    Out of the blue, in mid-February, Russia graciously offered an EUR 2 B loan for Belene, along with reassurances of its readiness to back and finance the project.

    At the last minute Johnny came out of the blue to catch the pass and score a touchdown.

    The cowboy thought he was alone but suddenly out of a clear sky there were bandits all around him.

    out of the blue = the present idiom describes an event that occurs unexpectedly, without any warning or preparation; out of a clear sky; (adv.) by surprise; unexpectedly

    We have to uproot the vine that has spread all over the garden.

    root out = pull up by or as if by the roots

    Bulgaria's new government is taking steps to root out the corruption and organised crime that have affected the country for years.

    root out = destroy completely, as if down to the roots

    He was trying to root out the reason for her long absence.
    root out = search for, seek to discover

    Thank you for your efforts.

    Regards,

    V.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Oriya
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India

    • Join Date: Mar 2008
    • Posts: 2,121
    #2

    Exclamation Re: fume(v),(n)/rule out/crime-ridden/out of the blue/root out

    Quote Originally Posted by vil View Post
    Dear teachers,

    Would you be kind enough to tell me whether I am right with my interpretation of the expressions in bold in the following sentences?

    Over the last few days, the Russian press has been fuming about Bulgaria's pipeline strategies.

    She fumed over /about/ trifles.

    fume = be mad, angry, or furious Ok

    The chimney was fuming.

    fume = emit a cloud of fine particles Ok

    Normally the oak is made into furniture and then fumed.

    fume = treat with fumes, expose to fumes, especially with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests Ok

    The odors of asphalt and bus fumes and new-mown rye grass mingled with the smells of books and stale baloney sandwiches and sweaty gym clothes.

    The fruits of the Bulgarian-Soviet friendship, emitting poisonous fumes during the communism, and their carcasses all over Bulgaria today are a stark reminder.

    fume = a cloud of fine particles suspended in a gas Ok

    The expert did not rule out the possibility that the Russian authorities, tired of Bulgaria's procrastination, could modify the pipeline route, leaving Sofia empty-handed.

    We have to find a baby-sitter for tonight; Betsy has a date, so that rules her out.

    The doctor took X rays to rule out the chance of broken bones.

    rule out = eliminate from consideration, exclude

    The principal ruled out dances on school nights.

    The play was ruled out by the referee.

    rule out = to say that (something) must not be done; not allow; also: decide against

    Father's death seems to rule out college for Jean.

    Betsy's date for the dance ruled out any baby-sitting that evening.

    rule out = to make impossible; preventok

    Bulgarians gave a staggering confidence vote to Borisov and his Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria (GERB) party with the hope his strong hand will institute some order in the crime-ridden country, punish the guilty and bring Bulgaria closer to the Western World by restoring its prestige in the EU.

    The government cash was intended to put new life into Birmingham's crime-ridden slums.

    He has the tacit support of religious leaders in Italy's crime-ridden south.

    crime-ridden = dominated or plagued by crimeOk

    In February “Octopus” was launched to counter money laundering, VAT draining, racketeering, illegal drugs’ trade and almost any crime on the books.

    VAT = value-added tax (usually added as a %of cost at the point of 1st sale of a commodity)

    Out of the blue, in mid-February, Russia graciously offered an EUR 2 B loan for Belene, along with reassurances of its readiness to back and finance the project.

    At the last minute Johnny came out of the blue to catch the pass and score a touchdown.

    The cowboy thought he was alone but suddenly out of a clear sky there were bandits all around him.

    out of the blue = the present idiom describes an event that occurs unexpectedly, without any warning or preparation; out of a clear sky; (adv.) by surprise; unexpectedly Ok

    We have to uproot the vine that has spread all over the garden.

    root out = pull up by or as if by the roots

    Bulgaria's new government is taking steps to root out the corruption and organised crime that have affected the country for years.
    It is impossible to root out corruption from the society.
    root out = destroy completely, as if down to the roots= remove completely

    He was trying to root out the reason for her long absence.
    root out = search for, seek to discover

    Thank you for your efforts.

    Regards,

    V.
    All look good.

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