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  1. Junior Member
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    #1

    Smile the verb "beat"

    Dear teacher,

    I know the sentences below are correct.

    1. I beat him.
    2. I beat a drum.
    3. The rain beat against the windows.

    Could you tell me why I have to put the preposition "against" in the last sentence ?

    How should I interpret the last sentence since its sense of beat is different from those of the preceding sentences?

    I am much obliged to you for your help.

    Thanks
    happy learning to all.
    Last edited by kl004535; 24-Feb-2010 at 13:08.

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    #2

    Re: the verb "beat"

    I am not a teacher.
    All three are correct in my opinion. The last is correct only if you meant a past event, otherwise it should be "beats".
    You have to use against because natives do so. It can be considered idiomatic I suppose.
    beat against - Idioms - by the Free Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.

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    #3

    Re: the verb "beat"

    We also say:
    The rain beat on the roof.

    When rain is beating "against the window" it gives the impression that this is a storm with winds so strong that the rain actually went sideways.

  2. BobK's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: the verb "beat"

    Quote Originally Posted by kl004535 View Post
    Dear teacher,

    I know the sentences below are correct.

    1. I beat him.
    2. I beat a drum.
    3. The rain beat against the windows.

    Could you tell me why I have to put the preposition "against" in the last sentence ?

    How should I interpret the last sentence since its sense of beat is different from those of the preceding sentences?

    I am much obliged to you for your help.

    Thanks
    happy learning to all.
    When you use a dictionary, take note of all the information it gives you.
    (The first two uses of 'beat' are transitive, often abbreviated to 'trans' or 'tr'; the last is intransitive - often abbreviated to 'intrans' or 'intr'. A transitive verb has a direct object (in those two sentences 'him', 'a drum). An intransitive verb doesn't. If you have an intransitive verb and you want to give it 'direction' you need to use a preposition - such as 'along', 'into' 'on', 'against'....)

    b

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