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    #1

    participle or gerund

    If "having(1)" is participle, I wonder if "having(2) is participle or gerund.

    1. He has a wide range of experience, having worked in technical, production, and marketing positions.
    2. My opinion was based on my experience, having worked with both MLVA printers and laser printers.

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    #2

    Re: participle or gerund

    HI

    Please note I'm not a teacher nor a native speaker,

    I think "having worked" in both of your sentences are perfect participle.
    the second sentence is in my opinion at least cumbersome, as it uses different voices (witch, I reckon, caused the confusion )
    I'd rephrase it to :

    I based my opinion on experience, having worked with both MLVA printers and laser printers.


    Cheers

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    #3

    Exclamation Re: participle or gerund

    Quote Originally Posted by wowenglish1 View Post
    If "having(1)" is participle, I wonder if "having(2) is participle or gerund.
    1. He has a wide range of experience, having worked in technical, production, and marketing positions.
    2. My opinion was based on my experience, having worked with both MLVA printers and laser printers.
    The underlined expression in the second sentence is perfect participle phrase (having + a past participle) is used in active form and not in passive form as in the example sentence. So as suggested by jaskin you must use the phrase in active voice.
    You can use in passive form with "Having been" + a Past Participle; as:
    My opinion was based on my experience, having been worked with both MLVA printers and laser printers.
    When used in the passive form the action (having been worked) as described by the phrase, is done to the subject not by the subject,
    Participles introducing a phrase can act as adjective or adverbial and should not be mistaken for gerunds which are formed the same way but act as nouns. They should also not be confused with the use of the participial form in verbs(such as present, perfect or perfect progressive).

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