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  1. Junior Member
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    #1

    Smile Preposition "Against"

    Dear teachers,

    Could you tell me the difference between the following sentences ?

    1. I dash the cups to the wall.
    2. I dash the cups against the wall.

    I am much obliged to you for your guidance.

    Thanks

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    #2

    Exclamation Re: Preposition "Against"

    Quote Originally Posted by kl004535 View Post
    Dear teachers,

    Could you tell me the difference between the following sentences ?

    1. I dash the cups to the wall.
    2. I dash the cups against the wall.

    I am much obliged to you for your guidance.

    Thanks
    We use ‘to’ with actions of movement to express direction or contact as also the preposition ‘against’ So you can say (with verb lean):
    The tree leans to the wall. (contact)
    The tree leans against the wall. (same meaning)
    How do you feel with verb ‘apply’
    Apply varnish to the surface.
    Apply varnish against the surface. (this doest not go well the action) Similarly with verb ‘smash’
    this is not a simple movement, it is a movement with force and making sound. Both prepositions can be used but you get the real meaning/sense of smash with the use of ‘against’

  2. Junior Member
    Student or Learner

    • Join Date: Jul 2009
    • Posts: 90
    #3

    Smile Re: Preposition "Against"

    Quote Originally Posted by sarat_106 View Post
    We use ‘to’ with actions of movement to express direction or contact as also the preposition ‘against’ So you can say (with verb lean):
    The tree leans to the wall. (contact)
    The tree leans against the wall. (same meaning)
    How do you feel with verb ‘apply’
    Apply varnish to the surface.
    Apply varnish against the surface. (this doest not go well the action) Similarly with verb ‘smash’
    this is not a simple movement, it is a movement with force and making sound. Both prepositions can be used but you get the real meaning/sense of smash with the use of ‘against’

    Thanks so much.

    No wonder I have to use "against" in the sentence below in order to get the real meaning/sense of beat.

    1. The rain beats against the windows.

    If I use "on" in the sentence, the force/power of beat cannot be revealed.

    2. The rain beats on the windows.

    It just means that the rain touches on the surface of the windows.

    Prepositions are tricky words because they can make a big difference in the meaning of a sentence, especially the abstract relation between the things.

    By the way, could I say "Apply varnish on the surface" ?

    Thanks for your guidance

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    #4

    Exclamation Re: Preposition "Against"

    Quote Originally Posted by kl004535 View Post
    Thanks so much.

    By the way, could I say "Apply varnish on the surface" ?

    Thanks for your guidance
    Yes, it can work, as. ‘on’ is used to indicate contact with or extent over (a surface)

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