Results 1 to 3 of 3
  1. Junior Member
    Student or Learner

    • Join Date: Jul 2009
    • Posts: 90
    #1

    Smile Present Participle

    Dear Teachers,

    My English textbook states:
    The following sentences have the same meaning and can be converted to each other without changing the meaning.

    1. To read the book is easy. (to-infinitive functions as Gerund)
    2. It is easy to read the book. (to-infinitive functions as Adverb)
    3. The book is easy to read. (to-infinitive functions as Adverb)



    On the same day, I came upon the sentence below in my dictionary.

    4. The book is easy reading.

    Can I convert the sentence above to the following sentences ?

    5. Reading the book is easy.
    6. It is easy reading the book.

    I think the present participle, Reading, functions as an adverb in sentence 4 and 6; but it is a gerund in sentence 5.

    I am much obliged to you for your guidance.

    Thanks

  2. Eric Davis's Avatar

    • Join Date: Feb 2010
    • Posts: 86
    #2

    Re: Present Participle

    5. is definitely a gerund. I don't believe that participles can function as an adverb, only as nouns and adjectives. But since I'm not a teacher, I will watch this thread with keen interest.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Oriya
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India

    • Join Date: Mar 2008
    • Posts: 2,121
    #3

    Exclamation Re: Present Participle

    Quote Originally Posted by kl004535 View Post
    Dear Teachers,

    My English textbook states:
    The following sentences have the same meaning and can be converted to each other without changing the meaning.

    1. To read the book is easy. (to-infinitive functions as a noun and subject of the sentence but not as Gerund)
    2. It is easy to read the book. (to-infinitive phrase (underlined expression)functions as Adverb)
    3. The book is easy to read. (to-infinitive functions as Adverb mofifying the adjective rasy)



    On the same day, I came upon the sentence below in my dictionary.

    4. The book is easy reading.

    Can I convert the sentence above to the following sentences ?

    5. Reading the book is easy. (underlined expression is a gerund phrase)
    6. It is easy reading the book. (participle phrase complementing the suject 'it')

    I think the present participle, Reading, functions as an adverb in sentence 4 and 6; but it is a gerund in sentence 5.

    I am much obliged to you for your guidance.

    Thanks
    Infinitive can be used as noun, adjective and adverb but not as gerund. A participle phrase is used as adjective.
    Last edited by sarat_106; 04-Mar-2010 at 12:02.

Similar Threads

  1. i need urgent help
    By nita in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 11-Sep-2009, 13:13
  2. [Grammar] Present tense form, the past tense form and the past participle
    By foggyfield in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 25-Aug-2009, 04:13
  3. [Grammar] Compound Nouns, present participle, past participle, adjective.
    By Lthanh in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 11-Oct-2008, 16:03
  4. [Grammar] Present Participle and Present Continuous
    By bavwill in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 18-Aug-2008, 13:37
  5. present participle and past participle
    By rensi in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 01-Apr-2008, 08:23

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •