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# he paid you $50 to cross the river.
i have a confusion in that sentence that infinitive has different subject and it is as adverb but sir, when infinitive works like adverb then it has same subject. it used as a adverbial phrase that means 'the purpose of the subject'?
he paid you $50 = why did he paid you?.......... to cross the river
Last edited by satya_sson33; 16-Mar-2010 at 05:42.
I’m not a teacher.
Hi satya sson33,
In my humble opinion the infinitive as an adverbial modifier of purpose can be introduced by “in order” and “so as”:
Sometimes you retreat in order to advance.
Soams put on his coat so as not to be cold.
(1) Yes, it is ambiguous.
(a) Did you or he cross the river?
(b) In real life, however, there's no problem. People will know the answer from the context (all the words that are said before this one little sentence).
(2) But if this sentence is a school exercise, you would have rephrase it to avoid ambiguity:
(a) He paid you $50 for him to cross the river.
(b) He paid you $50 for you to cross the river.
(3) If you insist on using your ambiguous sentence, then most people would use common sense:
(a) When someone gives you money, s/he usually wants something in return. So probably he wants your help because he wants to cross the river and you own the boat.
(b) Of course, it is also possible that he said something like this to you: Here is $50. Please use it to pay for a boat owner to help you cross the river. I don't want to see you again.
Have a nice day!