not a teacher
In the Chinese language, names of birds in most cases are based on the distinguishing attribute(usually the appearance) of the bird which give a clue as to the species. However there is seldom such clues found in names in English except for certain species which are named according to their functions e.g. woodpecker, kingfisher or crane. For others, you just have to remember the names, I don't think there is any shortcut to that.
Student or Learner