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    • Join Date: Aug 2009
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    #1

    indirect speech

    hi,


    how can i change the following sentence into indirect speech?

    he says, "i was sick on monday."


    can i say like this

    he said that he was sick on monday

    or i should change the tense there

    like

    he said that he had been sick on monday

    plz correct me

    thanks

    god bless you

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    #2

    Re: indirect speech

    Formal standard would require 'had been' here to specify a past anterior (relative past) situation.

    For daily, informal use, however, the preterite, especially in AmE, would be considered unexceptionable by the majority of speakers.

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    #3

    Re: indirect speech

    not a teacher

    he said that he was sick on monday - correct

    he said that he had been sick on monday - wrong

  1. whitemoon's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: indirect speech

    Quote Originally Posted by learner110 View Post
    hi,


    how can i change the following sentence into indirect speech?

    he says, "i was sick on monday."


    can i say like this

    he said that he was sick on monday

    or i should change the tense there

    like

    he said that he had been sick on monday

    plz correct me

    thanks

    god bless you
    For me, both are right.
    He said that he was sick on Monday.
    He said that he had been sick on Monday.
    Always I say, " He said he went there." "She told me she didn't write a letter."

  2. whitemoon's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: indirect speech

    Quote Originally Posted by tedtmc View Post
    not a teacher

    he said that he was sick on monday - correct

    he said that he had been sick on monday - wrong
    Why did you say wrong?

  3. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: indirect speech

    Quote Originally Posted by tedtmc View Post
    not a teacher

    he said that he was sick on monday - correct

    he said that he had been sick on monday - wrong
    Not at all. Both are correct, the second one is better than the first in my opinion.

  4. whitemoon's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: indirect speech

    Quote Originally Posted by learner110 View Post
    hi,


    how can i change the following sentence into indirect speech?

    he says, "i was sick on monday."


    can i say like this

    he said that he was sick on monday

    or i should change the tense there

    like

    he said that he had been sick on monday

    plz correct me

    thanks

    god bless you
    Sorry. Let me change my opinion.
    See carefully again please.
    In the direct speech, the learner used "he says I was sick on monday".
    So says is present tense. Instead of the common said, if "say" is used, in that case the verb tenses usually remain the same.
    Therefore I prefer
    "He says that he was sick on Monday."
    Last edited by whitemoon; 19-Mar-2010 at 09:30. Reason: correct spealling

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    #8

    Re: indirect speech

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    Not at all. Both are correct, the second one is better than the first in my opinion.
    He had been sick on Monday

    The sentence would be correct if it is:

    He had been sick since Monday.

    'Had been sick' is in the past perfect continuous tense, meaning the action or the condition (being sick) was on-going until the statement was made and was not limited to Monday only.

  5. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #9

    Re: indirect speech

    Quote Originally Posted by tedtmc View Post
    He had been sick on Monday

    The sentence would be correct if it is:

    He had been sick since Monday.

    'Had been sick' is in the past perfect continuous tense, meaning the action or the condition (being sick) was on-going until the statement was made and was not limited to Monday only.
    "Had been sick" is past perfect, not past perfect continuous.

  6. whitemoon's Avatar
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    #10

    Re: indirect speech

    Quote Originally Posted by tedtmc View Post
    He had been sick on Monday

    The sentence would be correct if it is:

    He had been sick since Monday.

    'Had been sick' is in the past perfect continuous tense, meaning the action or the condition (being sick) was on-going until the statement was made and was not limited to Monday only.
    Let's think "changing direct speech to indirect speech". That's what the learner wants.

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