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    #1

    The tense

    Hello!

    A. Subsidies to farmers will be phased out by the year 2000. (OALD)

    B. The old filing system will have been phased out by 1998. (OALD)

    I think both the sentences express completion of the process of phasing out by the year 2000, by 1998, respectively.
    Why is the future perfect not used in A.?

    Thanks in advance

    Sincerely

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    #2

    Re: The tense

    Quote Originally Posted by Kazuo View Post
    Hello!

    A. Subsidies to farmers will be phased out by the year 2000. (OALD)

    B. The old filing system will have been(would have been) phased out by 1998. (OALD)

    I think both the sentences express completion of the process of phasing out by the year 2000, (and)by 1998, respectively.
    Why is the future perfect not used in A.? The future tense is more appropriate (underlined)
    Thanks in advance

    Sincerely
    not a teacher
    Last edited by tedtmc; 28-Mar-2010 at 06:14.

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    #3

    Re: The tense

    Hello!

    Thank you very much for your reply.

    After looking up a grammar book, I found that:
    For A, statement of future activity
    For B, emphasis on completion of activities before another point in future time
    ( from Using English, your second language Danielson, Hayden Prentice-Hall)

    Sincerely

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: The tense

    Quote Originally Posted by tedtmc View Post
    not a teacher
    "Will have been" is correct in the context of the OPs sentence B. It has a slightly different meaning to sentence A.

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    #5

    Re: The tense

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    "Will have been" is correct in the context of the OPs sentence B. It has a slightly different meaning to sentence A.
    bhaisahab
    Can you use 'will have been' even when 1998 is in the past?

  2. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: The tense

    Quote Originally Posted by tedtmc View Post
    bhaisahab
    Can you use 'will have been' even when 1998 is in the past?
    No, but neither can you use "will be".

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