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    #1

    decapitate/abate/cuff(n),(v)/on the cuff/off the cuff/off the wagon/vehement

    Dear teachers,

    Would you be kind enough to tell me whether I am right with my interpretation of the expressions in bold in the following sentences?

    Such an attitude reflected the determination to decapitate the lower classes, in so far as they did not shed their potential leaders spontaneously by absorption into the lower middle class.

    decapitate = behead

    After a boil is lanced, the pus can drain and the pain and tenderness abate.

    Towards morning the wind abated a little.

    The pain in his shoulder finally abaded.

    abate = decrease, diminish, lessen, moderate

    Equity will compel him to take it, and will allow him a proper abatement out of the purchase-money.

    abatement = reduction

    At dawn, a squad of anti-mafia officers raided the home of the local BSP leader and chairman of the Varna Municipal Council, Borislav Gutsanov, one of the closest associates of President Georgi Parvanov, and diligently cuffed him.


    cuff = confine or restrain with or as if with manacles or handcuffs

    She took hold of her son by the cuff of the neck.

    cuff = the lap consisting of a turned-back hem encircling the end of the sleeve, neck or leg

    Peter lost the money that Mother gave him to buy meat, and the store would not let him have meat on the cuff.

    Many people buy cars and television sets on the cuff.

    on the cuff = agreeing to pay later; to be paid for later; on credit

    Some presidents like to speak off the cuff to newspaper reporters but others prefer to think questions over and write their answers.

    off the cuff = without preparing ahead of time what you will, say; without preparation

    When a heavy drinker quits he must really quit. One little drink of whiskey is enough to drive him off the wagon.

    off the wagon = no longer refusing to drink whiskey or other alcoholic beverages; drinking liquor again, after stopping for a while

    Serbian nationalists have vehemently opposed the declaration, claiming that the deaths in Srebrenica did not differ from atrocities committed against Serbians during the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    He had a clear vision of the kind of Korea he wished to see created, which would be based on the repudiation of Japan and vehement antagonism to communism.

    vehement = strong, passionate, hot

    He is man of vehement character. (He is a man with furious temper.)

    Thank you for your efforts.

    Regards,

    V.

  1. emsr2d2's Avatar
    • Member Info
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    #2

    Re: decapitate/abate/cuff(n),(v)/on the cuff/off the cuff/off the wagon/vehement

    Quote Originally Posted by vil View Post
    Dear teachers,

    Would you be kind enough to tell me whether I am right with my interpretation of the expressions in bold in the following sentences?

    Such an attitude reflected the determination to decapitate the lower classes, in so far as they did not shed their potential leaders spontaneously by absorption into the lower middle class.

    decapitate = behead

    After a boil is lanced, the pus can drain and the pain and tenderness abate.

    Towards morning the wind abated a little.

    The pain in his shoulder finally abaded.

    abate = decrease, diminish, lessen, moderate

    Equity will compel him to take it, and will allow him a proper abatement out of the purchase-money.

    abatement = reduction

    At dawn, a squad of anti-mafia officers raided the home of the local BSP leader and chairman of the Varna Municipal Council, Borislav Gutsanov, one of the closest associates of President Georgi Parvanov, and diligently cuffed him.


    cuff = confine or restrain with or as if with manacles or handcuffs

    She took hold of her son by the cuff of the neck.

    cuff = the lap consisting of a turned-back hem encircling the end of the sleeve, neck or leg

    Peter lost the money that Mother gave him to buy meat, and the store would not let him have meat on the cuff.

    Many people buy cars and television sets on the cuff.

    on the cuff = agreeing to pay later; to be paid for later; on credit

    Some presidents like to speak off the cuff to newspaper reporters but others prefer to think questions over and write their answers.

    off the cuff = without preparing ahead of time what you will, say; without preparation

    When a heavy drinker quits he must really quit. One little drink of whiskey is enough to drive him off the wagon.

    off the wagon = no longer refusing to drink whiskey or other alcoholic beverages; drinking liquor again, after stopping for a while

    Serbian nationalists have vehemently opposed the declaration, claiming that the deaths in Srebrenica did not differ from atrocities committed against Serbians during the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    He had a clear vision of the kind of Korea he wished to see created, which would be based on the repudiation of Japan and vehement antagonism to communism.

    vehement = strong, passionate, hot

    He is man of vehement character. (He is a man with furious temper.)

    Thank you for your efforts.

    Regards,

    V.
    I would say you have interpreted almost all of them correctly - well done! Only one exception - I have never heard "cuff of the neck". I believe this should read "scruff of the neck" - this is the part of the neck on an animal or a person, at the back, not the throat. To give an example, many wild animals pick up their babies with their mouth, by the scruff of the neck.

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