Student or Learner
Which sentence is correct?
When I left my home, the letter has not arrived.
When I left my home, the letter had not arrived.
Sentence1 focus on the fact that the letter has not arrived when I say the sentence.
Sentence2 focus on the fact that the letter had not arrived when she said the sentence.
could you please give me an example which has the following structure?
simple past, present perfect
eg, I phoned my girlfriend and she told me she has not arrived.
Last edited by uktous; 01-Apr-2010 at 19:59.
Of course it depends on the circumstances at the time. You can't apply the same 'rule' in all situations.
Depending on the exact sentence/situation, backshifting can change the meaning or at least make the meaning unclear.
So I think "I phoned my girlfriend and she told me she has not arrived." is a correct sentence in the right situation.
This would be true if you have just talked to her and then say that sentence.
On the other hand, if you talked to her yesterday and she said "I have not arrived (yet).", you could now say 'I phoned my girlfriend yesterday and she told me that she hadn't arrived (yet)(as of that time).'
Last edited by 2006; 02-Apr-2010 at 19:19.