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    #1

    In closing

    "In closing we petition for the approval of...."

    "In conclusion we petition for the approval of...."

    Is there a difference between "in closing" and "in conlusion"? Are both possible in the above construction?

    Thanks.

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    #2

    Re: In closing

    Both are fine, but in written form throw a comma after "closing" and "conclusion".

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    #3

    Re: In closing

    I think there is a difference.

    In closing - you are bringing your words/speech to an end by writing/saying something that does not necessarily link to what went before. 'In closing, I would like to say a few words of gratitude to my new father-in-law ...'

    In conclusion - you are summing up what went before, often by bringing the different strands of your thoughts or reasoning together into one neat summary. If opinions A, B and C are stated in their respective paragraphs, the final paragaph D - the conclusion - will bring together all these opinions, thereby giving the overall argument more force.

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    #4

    Re: In closing

    The other meaning of conclude (apart from summing up) is to 'close'. They mean the same thing in the context.

    not a teacher

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