1. Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
I saw this sentence in my English text book today, and I'm wondering what grow fonder is? "grow" is a linking verb and "fonder" is an adjective.
Absence (subject) + makes (verb) + heart (object) grow fonder?
Since heart is an object, I feel like grow fonder modified heart; but it's not adjective clause/phrase when I looked it up. I want to know if it's some type of clause or something because there is no -s on grow either.
'the heart" is the object of "makes", but it also is the subject of the verb "grow".
2. you going or your going?
I learned about some rules that you need to use possessive pronoun with gerund like your bringing up, my playing, my singing. What if the sentence looks like this?
She won't welcome your going in. This follows the above rule.
It means that she won't be happy about your going in.
She won't welcome you going in. also but has a different meaning
It means she won't welcome you when you are going in. (But maybe she will welcome you another time.)
3. Do I need to use a semi-colon in this sentence?
After the game was over, I went to the bar; but she went back home.
No, you don't have to use a semicolon but you could use one. You could also start a new sentence with 'But'.
4. If it doesn't have a subject and a verb then I don't need ; right? Right, but even when "it" does have a subject and a verb you still may not need a semicolon.
After the game, I went to the bar, but she went back home. This is okay too, even though the two clauses do each have a subject and a verb.
5. Is there any way to use a conjunction after period? yes
I saw ".But" in my textbook today, and I remember that I can't start a sentence with conjunction.
Actually you can start a sentence with a conjunction. Many years ago, it was taught that one should not start a sentence with a conjunction. But starting a sentence with a conjunction is now acceptable.
Doing so can avoid very long sentences with many commas and semicolons.
Student or Learner