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    #1

    I was happy to see him take the lead

    Hi All,

    I generally see such sentences. According to my less knowledge I always use either "to take" or "taking" in the above sentences. Why neither gerund or participle is not used here?

    Thanks & Regards
    Gauri

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    #2

    Re: I was happy to see him take the lead

    Quote Originally Posted by gauri_agr View Post
    Hi All,

    I generally see such sentences. According to my less knowledge I always use either "to take" or "taking" in the above sentences. Why neither gerund or participle is not used here?

    Thanks & Regards
    Gauri
    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****

    Hello, Gauri.

    (1) You have asked an excellent question. I have checked my books and
    am happy to share what I learned.

    (2) "I was happy to see him TO TAKE the lead."

    (a) I believe that most books say that this is "bad" English.

    (i) After verbs such as "see," you should not use "to." That is what

    native speakers have decided.

    (3) "I was delighted to see him TAKE the lead." (infinitive without "to")

    (4) "I was delighted to see him TAKING the lead." (participle)

    (5) Sentences #3 and #4 are "good" English.

    (6) Do they mean the same?

    (a) I am not sure.

    (b) Some people may say that they mean the same.

    (c) Some people may say they are a little different:

    (i) Maybe (only maybe) "I was happy to see him TAKE the lead"=

    You are referring to the whole situation. In other words, you are happy

    that he is now No. 1.

    (ii) Maybe (only maybe) "I was happy to see him TAKING the lead" =

    You are emphasizing the action in progress.

    (d) Here is another example that some people think is helpful:

    (i) I saw him CROSS the street. = I saw him. He crossed the street.

    (ii) I saw him CROSSING the street. = I saw him in the street. But I do not

    know whether he finished, because I turned my head to do

    something. Maybe he did not cross the street. Maybe he changed his

    mind. Maybe he was hit by a car. I only saw him CROSSING the street --

    only the action in progress.

    ***** Thank you *****

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    #3

    Re: I was happy to see him take the lead

    thanks for the reply. Now these knid of sentances will not be strange to me

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    #4

    Re: I was happy to see him take the lead

    I was happy to see him take the lead
    to see him take the lead = adjective complement
    him (to) take the lead = object of see, bare infinitive clause

    the infinitive marker is obligatorily missing (this is how it is idiomatic)

    -------------
    I was happy to see him taking the lead
    I was happy to see him then.

    him = direct object of 'see'
    (while he was) taking the lead = temporal adjunct (adverb)

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