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  1. Newbie
    Student or Learner

    • Join Date: Jun 2010
    • Posts: 1
    #1

    Smile how do i know ?

    At first peace be upon you
    Then thanks ever such a lot
    How can i know when i say the adverb from "hard"
    when i say "hard " and when i say "hardly"
    I need to know ;please

  2. Barb_D's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Mar 2007
    • Posts: 19,221
    #2

    Re: how do i know ?

    Hi esroa, and welcome to Using English.

    Hardly is an adverb, but in the form of English I use, it's not the adverb form for hard.

    Hard is both the adjective and the adverb form.

    You need a hard surface to work on.
    I hit it hard. -- I would never say "I hit it hardly."

    Hardly, as I use it, is used to show how the small amount of something or how minimal it is.

    There is hardly any milk left. I hardly touched it.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

    • Member Info
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      • English
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      • United States
      • Current Location:
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    • Join Date: Dec 2009
    • Posts: 6,332
    #3

    Re: how do i know ?

    Quote Originally Posted by esroa View Post
    At first peace be upon you
    Then thanks ever such a lot
    How can i know when i say the adverb from "hard"
    when i say "hard " and when i say "hardly"
    I need to know ;please
    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****

    Hello, Esroa.

    (1) Yes, these two adverbs are very confusing.

    (2) I think it would be very helpful if you studied these two words in your dictionaries (including online dictionaries).

    (3) Basically, "hard" means "with great effort or force":

    (a) Good students study hard.

    (b) It is raining very hard.

    (4) Basically, "hardly" means "almost not":

    (a) There is so much noise that I can hardly hear him.

    (b) It is hardly bigger than a credit card.

    (5) I believe that "hard" usually comes AFTER a verb.

    ***** Thank you *****

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