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Thread: PAST

  1. #1
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    PAST

    Please,

    What is the main difference betwenn PAST PERFECT and PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS, I mean, how to explain it to the students ?


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    Re: PAST

    Quote Originally Posted by Mauricio67 View Post
    Please,

    What is the main difference betwenn PAST PERFECT and PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS, I mean, how to explain it to the students ?

    The past perfect simply describes something that happened. The past perfect continuous is for something that happened in relation to something else.

    I walked to the shop.
    I was walking to the shop when my phone rang.

    I ate pizza for dinner.
    I was eating pizza for dinner when my TV suddenly exploded!

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    Re: PAST PERFECT, NOT PAST CONTINUOUS

    I meant PAST PERFECT.

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    Re: PAST PERFECT, NOT PAST CONTINUOUS

    Quote Originally Posted by Mauricio67 View Post
    I meant PAST PERFECT.
    Apologies, I misread your post!

    I was tired because I had walked to the shop three times that day.

    I decided to have pasta for dinner because I had eaten pizza twice that week already.

    I had seen my boyfriend only once that month so I was desperate to see him again.

    The past perfect still refers to something which happened in the past, but can be an explanation for/connected to something else.

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    Re: PAST

    Quote Originally Posted by Mauricio67 View Post
    Please,

    What is the main difference betwenn PAST PERFECT and PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS, I mean, how to explain it to the students ?

    The difference is similar to that between the present perfect and pres. perf. continuous.
    I have driven / I have been driving. (pres. perf.)
    I had driven / I had been driving. (past perf.)

    Present perfect:
    "I have driven a bus before, so I think I can take these people on a short trip."
    "I have been driving a bus ever since I got my licence, so I'm not worried about driving in heavy traffic."

    Past perfect:
    "I had driven along that route before, so I knew the way."
    "I had been driving along that route for three years, so I knew the roads like the back of my hand."

    The continuous, as usual, simply adds the element of ongoing-ness to the verb.
    With continuous tenses, something is happening, was happening, or had been happening in the same situation that the non-progressive tenses describe something that happens, did happen or had happened.

    It's often used to describe a situation in which something was happening (over a period of time) when something interrupted it. A discrete event interrupts an ongoing event:
    "I'm walking along, minding my own business, and some guy comes up and mugs me." (present continuous -> present simple)
    "I was watching television when the phone rang" (pres perf. cont. -> simple past)
    "I had been working there for 20 years when they decided to sack me" (past perf. continuous -> simple past)

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