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    #1

    conjunctions?

    Examine the sentences below:

    1. After I leave call John.
    2. Only I am tired.

    Is "after" being used as a conjunction?
    Is "only" being used as a conjunction?



    Thanks for any help.

  1. Mister Micawber's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: conjunctions?

    1. Yes. 'After' is a temporal conjunction. 'When should I call John?' -- 'Call John after I leave'. (By the way, a comma in the original, after 'leave', would be helpful.)

    2. No. 'Only' here is a restrictive adjective modifying 'I'. (I base this on position. In the sentence 'I am only tired', 'only' is an adverb restricting the predicate.)

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    #3

    Re: conjunctions?

    I didn't think that a adjective could modify a pronoun. Is this one of only a few cases where it can?

  2. Mister Micawber's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: conjunctions?

    I suppose that since the pronouns are a closed set of words and usually already have specific reference, the frequency of themselves being pre-modified is low. The cases that spring to mind (I'm giving myself a 3-minute time limit):

    Poor me!
    It's just him again.
    That's a big one!
    Oh! That hat is the real you!

    You're right-- there are not many of them.

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    #5

    Re: conjunctions?

    Why are "real", "big" and "just" not considered adverbs in those sentences?

  3. Mister Micawber's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: conjunctions?

    .
    Why would they be adverbs? They modify nouns.

    .

  4. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #7

    Re: conjunctions?

    Additionally, In that context, "After" function as a subordinating conjunction. It connects two clauses, like this,

    Clause 1: I leave. (Subject + Verb)
    Clause 2: Call John. (Imperative Verb + Object)

    Now let's join those two clauses with a conjunction:

    Call John after I leave.
    After I leave call John.

    As for "Only I am tired", there is only one clause, so "Only" can't be a conjunction. The word "only" has two functions: it's either an adverb or it's an attributive adjective.

    Adverb: I am tired only. ('only' post-modifies the adjective 'tired')

    Adjective: Only I am tired. ~ I am the only one who is tired. ('only' modifies the nominals "I" and "one".

    Note, adverbs cannot modify nominals, and conjunctions can't either.

  5. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #8

    Re: conjunctions?

    Poor me!
    It's just him again.
    That's a big one!
    Oh! That hat is the real you!


    Why are "real", "big" and "just" not considered adverbs in those sentences?
    All modify nominals. The pronouns 'him', 'one', and 'you' all refer back to a noun:

    just him (e.g. Tom)
    big one (e.g. a fish)
    real you (e.g., Max)

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