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  1. #1
    satya_sson33's Avatar
    satya_sson33 is offline Newbie
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    Question by+verb+ing

    good evening
    it is satya .

    i have sentence and i have confusion in it. plz explain me what type relation between them.

    1. "he erases all marks by rubbing" confusion is that what action is performed first "rub or erase "

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Re: by+verb+ing

    They're really the same action.

  3. #3
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    Re: by+verb+ing

    The rubbing caused the erasing, so one can say that, in a sense, the rubbing comes first. One would never say "the erasing caused the rubbing.

  4. #4
    satya_sson33's Avatar
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    Question Re: by+verb+ing

    Quote Originally Posted by gabber View Post
    The rubbing caused the erasing, so one can say that, in a sense, the rubbing comes first. One would never say "the erasing caused the rubbing.
    what type relation b/w them plz exlpain me and what type sentences are connected by "By+verb+ing"

  5. #5
    2006 is offline Banned
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    Re: by+verb+ing

    Quote Originally Posted by satya_sson33 View Post
    good evening
    it is satya .

    i have sentence and i have confusion in it. plz explain me what type relation between them.

    1. "he erases all marks by rubbing" confusion is that what action is performed first "rub or erase "
    There is only one action, which is the rubbing. "erases" is the result.

    He destroyed the evidence by erasing it.
    She kills the worms by stepping on them.
    The job was completed early by working seven days a week.

    You can make hundreds of sentences like this.

  6. #6
    TheParser is offline VIP Member
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    Re: by+verb+ing

    Quote Originally Posted by satya_sson33 View Post
    what type relation b/w them plz exlpain me and what type sentences are connected by "By+verb+ing"
    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****

    Hello, Satya.

    (1) by + verb + -ing = explains HOW something is done.

    George: How did you learn such good English?

    Martha: By watching American movies every day of the week for a year.

    ***** Thank you *****

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