Student or Learner
can i know how to use has/had brought?I've been struggling with this problem since last year......
I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.
thx a lot
'has' is used as an auxiliary in the present perfect tense, but 'has' is not the present participle. "had" is.
'had' is used as an auxiliary in the past perfect tense, but 'had' is not the past participle, unless the main verb is also "have".
Each verb (generally) has only one past participle, which is used in all perfect tenses.
In the constructions, "has brought" and "had brought", the past participle is "brought", not any form of "have". "Has, had" are auxiliaries in this case.