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  1. #1
    optickimis is offline Newbie
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    Metaphor/Metonymy issues

    Hello

    Being a non-native English speaker, I'm faced with slight difficulties when it comes to solving the following tasks. I would really appreciate it if you could help me.

    The following tasks are not exam questions/homework, just a set of exercises I picked up from various "self-taught" course books.

    PART 1:

    Specify the underlying metaphor for the following expressions:

    a. I just cant swallow that claim.
    b. Look how far weve come.
    c. Ive never won an argument with him.
    d. We are at a crossroads.
    e. The theory needs more support.
    f. She produces a book every year.

    Specify the source domains in the following metaphorical expressions about love

    (target domain LOVE):
    a. Their marriage is on the mend.
    b. Well just have to go our separate ways.
    c. Shes my better half.
    d. We cant turn back now.
    e. Im starved for affection.
    f. I dont think our relationship is going anywhere.
    g. He thrives on love.

  2. #2
    optickimis is offline Newbie
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    Re: Metaphor/Metonymy issues

    PART 2.

    Specify whether the metonymic expressions below are of the type PART-FOR-
    WHOLE, WHOLE-FOR-PART or of the type PART-FOR-PART.

    a. Did you hear the whistle? (p-f-w)
    b. She is my joy (?)
    c. She married money. (p-f-w)
    d. Bob spent last summer in America. (w-f-p)
    e. Cambridge wont publish the book. (w-f-p)
    f. The car needs washing. (w-f-p)
    g. He is an experienced farm hand. (p-f-w)
    h. Bush attacked Saddam. (p-f-w)
    i. Hold your tongue. (p-f-p)
    j. He spends too much time in front of the tube. (p-f-w)

    My answers are shown in parentheses.

  3. #3
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
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    Re: Metaphor/Metonymy issues

    Quote Originally Posted by optickimis View Post
    Hello
    Hello optickimis, welcome to the group.
    You should know we like students to "have a go" at the questions (as you have done in your second post)

    Some of these seem quite simple, and not language-based at all. I'll give my answer to a few.

    PART 1:

    Specify the underlying metaphor for the following expressions:

    a. I just cant swallow that claim.
    It is hard to swallow food that is unpalatable, or that one thinks might be poisoned. It is easy to swallow good, tasty food. The metaphor of "swallowing a claim" should be readily apparent.

    b. Look how far weve come.
    c. Ive never won an argument with him.
    d. We are at a crossroads.
    A crossroads is where two or more roads meet. You can turn either left or right, or go straight ahead. There is a choice.

    e. The theory needs more support.
    f. She produces a book every year.

    Specify the source domains in the following metaphorical expressions about love

    (target domain LOVE):
    a. Their marriage is on the mend.
    The source domain seems to be from medicine.
    b. Well just have to go our separate ways.
    c. Shes my better half.
    d. We cant turn back now.
    e. Im starved for affection.
    "Starving" is usually used for "hunger" (for food). The source domain is food.

    f. I dont think our relationship is going anywhere.
    g. He thrives on love.

    Perhaps you could have a go with the others and see if people agree with you. After all, these would be as much guesses by native speakers as they would be for you.

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