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  1. #1
    Seiichi MYOGA is offline Junior Member
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      • Interested in Language
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      • Japanese
      • Home Country:
      • Japan
      • Current Location:
      • Japan
    Join Date
    Mar 2008
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    otherwise=except if (or when)

    Hi,

    Let's say you ask a student about the meaning of the word "otherwise" in (1).

    (1) A conditional sentence is false if the antecedent is true and the consequent is false; otherwise it is true.
    (2) except if (or when) the antecedent is true and the consequent is false.

    If the student says it is (2), do you agree?

    Thank you in advance
    Seiichi MYOGA
    It seems that (2) also works as a paraphrase. Please tell us if so.
    Last edited by Seiichi MYOGA; 07-Jul-2010 at 23:32. Reason: typo

  2. #2
    Seiichi MYOGA is offline Junior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • Japanese
      • Home Country:
      • Japan
      • Current Location:
      • Japan
    Join Date
    Mar 2008
    Posts
    85

    Re: otherwise=except if (or when)

    Sorry for the typo in my previous post. I was sleepy.

    Let me rephrase the question.

    (1) A conditional sentence is false if the antecedent is true and the consequent is false; otherwise it is true.
    (2) P=the antecedent, Q=the consequent
    Conditional sentence=If P, Q.
    (i) P=true, Q=true; If P, Q.=true
    (ii) P=true, Q=false; If P, Q.=false
    (iii) P=false, Q=true; If P, Q.=true
    (iv) P=false, Q=false; If P, Q. =true
    (3) except if (or when) the antecedent is true and the consequent is false

    Given (2), the word "otherwise" in (1) should mean (3).

    Now do you agree?

    Seiichi MYOGA

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