Here is the beginning of my introduction. Thanks so much for your help!!!

Howard Belsey, Kiki Simmonds Belsey, Alfred Archibald Jones, Samad Miah Iqbal, Clara Jones, Alsana Begum, Irie Ambrosia Jones, Millat Zulfikar Iqbal, Magid Mahfooz Murshed Mubtasim Iqbal, Ophelia Diagilo, Marc-Pierre Perret, Shiva Bhagwati, Abdul-Collins, Alex Li-Tandem, Kitty Alexander and so on; those are Zadie Smith’s characters; they can be black, white, half Chinese half Jewish or half Russian half Italian, or as Irie’s daughter in White Teeth that has the richest heritage of all: English, Afro-Caribbean and Bengali, they can be descendant of American slaves however living in England, they can be black and Jewish and learning Russian all this at the same time. They can be Catholic, Muslim, Jewish or even Jehovah’s witness. The geographical contexts of her novels go to Bangladesh to Jamaica to Italy to Scandinavia and Bulgaria and indeed, to England and to the United States as well. As a result of this ethnic diversity concentrated in a limited area we have on the one hand cultural conflicts and intergenerational tensions within and between its protagonists but we also have on the other hand interchanged cultural aspects. This multicultural context can either have positive or negative implications. As in the field of botany, sometimes a hazardous fertilization can give birth to a new plant. This phenomenon is called cross-pollination and it can be apply for culture as well. Different cultures can fertilize each other and as a result a new cultural expression can be created. To do so people must go beyond strong cultural barriers that we often erect in order to prevent ourselves to be influence by each other culture. This collage, métissage can at first seem unlikely. However, this pattern is really realistic and perfectly highlights what is happening today in England and particularly in London: it is the fruit of history, the ramification of the (colonial) past and the (post colonial) present which shows that mixture is determined more by history than by genetics. London is no longer the center of an Empire but it has become an international city of racial and cultural mixtures. And like Paul Gilroy says in his book entitled Small Acts: Thoughts on the Politics of Black Cultures: “ While there is some community of interest called Britain and common institutions and historical experiences called British, and indeed a nationality on a passport called British, it is not an identity which is self contained...Britain is a state rather than a nation. The British state imposed upon English, Scottish, Welsh and part of the Irish peoples and then imposed world wide, is an inherently imperial and colonial concept at home and abroad. The British state cannot and should not be an object of affection, save for those who want to live in a form of authoritarian dependency.”