Student or Learner
I have already asked a similar question before, but I'd like to ask again to make sure if my understanding is correct.
...Many grammar books say when some is used in questions, it implies the speaker expects the hearer to answer "Yes".
If so, Is A used when the speaker expects the hearer has some money?
And is B used when the speaker is honestly not sure if the hearer has money or not?
A Tom, do you have some money with you?
B Tom, do you have any money with you?
I cannot explain why, but I don't think there is such a difference in nuance in this case.
Last edited by Atchan; 13-Aug-2010 at 18:12.
You could ask "some" or "any" in both sentences. There isn't much difference, and speakers might use the two expressions interchangeably. That being said, I think the point made by these grammar books could be valid for many. Do you have some money with you?--this one sounds just a tad more positive than "Do you have any money with you?" I use both words interchangeably with no difference in meaning in questions like these.
(1) Yes, that is how I understand it, too:
Some = you think yes.
Any = you do not know.
A male custodian wants to clean the women's restroom. He may not
enter if there is anybody inside. He knocks on the door: Is there anyone
inside? If there is no answer, he may enter.
He walks up to the door and knocks. He hears running water. He
says: Excuse me. Is someone in there?
Your name is Mona. Your husband is Joe. Tomorrow is your
birthday. Today at 1 p.m., you saw Joe enter a jewelry store. Joe
did not see you. That night when he comes home, you smile and say:
Did somebody buy something today? [somebody = Joe; something =
*****Martha is a nice person at work. She comes to your home to
deliver some important business papers. You are eating dinner at that
time. You smile and say: Would you like something to eat? You look
tired. I am sure that you would like my cooking. Please sit down and
have a slice of pizza.
You do not like James. One evening he comes to your home to get
some business papers. He sees you eating a delicious slice of cake.
You are a courteous (polite) person. So you say: Would you like
anything to eat? (You are hoping that he says No.)