In your example soccer is not a member of the category basketball and so it doesn't work.
You could also say "She likes most animals except cats." as cats are a type of animal/member of the category "animal".
You could aso say "You did very good work except for this one mistake." as the mistake was part of the work - maybe not technically part of the category work, but I hope you see the relationship works in the same way?
Right now I can't think of a possible way "except" could be used to mean "in addition to". I'm pretty sure this isn't possible, and I've just checked Collins and Merriam Webster, and neither dictionary lists it as a possible meaning.
Student or Learner