If that is the case, at first, I would not capitalize it in the translated version, trying to be as close as possible to the original spirit of the text.
However, if your translation is a technical one, for juridical purposes, I would stick with the traditional English grammar rules and do capitalize it in the translation.
It is a difficult matter, I hope you can read and consider other opinions as well, reflect about it, and make up your mind. After that, do not forget to tell us your final decision.
Student or Learner