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    #1

    defend/defending

    Could anyone please explain why use "defending" rather than "defend" in the below sentence.

    "American forces deploy and fight globally, so need more support than those only defending national borders."

    Thank you

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    #2

    Re: defend/defending

    Quote Originally Posted by idiotmike View Post
    Could anyone please explain why use "defending" rather than "defend" in the below sentence.

    "American forces deploy and fight globally, so need more support than those only defending national borders."

    Thank you
    The defence of the borders is an ongoing activity, so would use the present continuous. If you add a couple of words to the original sentence, you get:

    "...fight globally, so need more support than those who are only defending national borders."

    So - there are soldiers who are defending the borders right now. That's who the writer is referring to and correctly used the present continuous, but "who are" can be omitted.


    • Join Date: Aug 2010
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    #3

    Smile Re: defend/defending

    Quote Originally Posted by idiotmike View Post
    Could anyone please explain why use "defending" rather than "defend" in the below sentence.

    "American forces deploy and fight globally, so need more support than those only defending national borders."

    Thank you

    Hi there,

    It is a form of reduced relative clause, the full form is like that:

    "American forces deploy and fight globally, so need more support than those who are only defending national borders."

    Making the sentence shorter you come up with:

    "American forces deploy and fight globally, so need more support than those only defending national borders."

    Other examples are:

    Full Form: My brother is a doctor who is working in America.
    Reduced: My brother is a doctor working in America.

    Full Form: He is a boy who wants to be a doctor.
    Reduced: He is a boy wanting to be a doctor.

    I hope it helps.
    HTMIL

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