See above.Hi, teachers, it's nice to meet you.
taechers.I am Korean and I go to Korea university majoring in English education. I never knew there was such a great website likeas this. I hope I can make good use of this website swith your help.
I am reading "Introducing English semantics" by Kreidler and it
saystalks about some gestures that English- spearksspeakers use. Could you tell me what these meansmean?
1. The fist, with knuckles down, moves up and down in short movements knocking on something or as if knocking on something ('knocking on wood')
--> I can't get the clear image of what this is. Could you describe it in easier words and tell me what it means?
"To knock on wood" is something that we do to wish for luck or to hope that good luck continues.
If you imagine the movement that your hand makes when you knock on the door of a house in order to gain entry, then you have the gesture. We will make the same movement but on any wooden surface. It's a superstition.
2. The index finger is pulled across the throat; the gesture may be accompanied by a noise that is made with movement of air(and saliva) on one side of the mouth while the lips are slightly open on that side.
This is a threatening gesture. It is done to suggest that the index finger is a knife and that the person is threatening to cut the throat of the person they are looking at when they do it.
3. The hand, slightly cupped, is pulled across the forehead as if wiping something away.
If you imagine that your forehead is sweating because you are hot, you might use the palm of your hand to wipe the sweat off. You move your hand from one side of your forehead to the other, clearing the sweat away. The gesture means "Phew! I'm relieved!"
--> the phrasal verb 'pull across' appears both 2,3. What does it mean? And could you explain the gesture more clearly and what they mean?
"To pull across" as a phrasal verb : well, the verb "to pull" is the same, but "across" means from one side to the other.
Plus, I was really curious about what pull across means and searched on thei nternet. I found a part of script of Dawn of Dead
"The great trucks lumber away from the warehouse. They pull
across the little loading lot and out a ramp toward the
roadway. Stephen hovers overhead in the chopper, following
the trucks as closely as he can."
--> pull across the loading lot... I couldn't get the meaning at all. What is loading lot and what does 'lumber away', mean?
Here, "to pull across" is used regarding cars/vans/lorries/truck. We use "to pull" + various prepositions in driving. "Pull out", "pull in", "pull over", "pull across" - they have different meanings and it may be better to have another thread about these.
"To lumber" is a way of moving that suggests that the thing or person is very heavy.
I really thank you for reading my question. :)
Student or Learner