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  1. enydia's Avatar

    • Join Date: Apr 2008
    • Posts: 414
    #1

    not having done OR having not done

    Hi teachers.

    Which is right, not having done or having not done?

    For example:

    Not having taken the survey, all the students hold completely opposite point of views.

    Having not taken the survey, all the students hold completely opposite point of views.

    Which is right?

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Greece

    • Join Date: Sep 2010
    • Posts: 143
    #2

    Re: not having done OR having not done

    "Not having taken the survey". They hadn't taken the survey. Maybe it wasn't offered or they didn't know about it.

    "Having not taken the survey". This sounds more deliberate. They knew about the survey but decided not to take it.

    (The difference is very subtle and would need to be confirmed by context.)

    By the way, the sentence as a whole doesn't make much sense! It suggests that the students hold opposite points of view because they had not taken the survey - which seems to be nonsense.

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