Student or Learner
It's just a name of the american TV show about the different kinds of special forces. What be the meaning of "surviving the cut"?
In order to be a member of an elite team, you must compete with others for a position on the team. If you are not chosen for the team, you are "cut." The team is "cut down" to its essential members. Surviving the cut means that the cut happened and you are still on the team.