Student or Learner
HI! I have a problem to understand this kind of sentence.
Travel and tourism are now the world's biggest industries, generating almost 12 percent of the global income.
In this case, what is the subject of the verb 'generating'?
travel and tourism or the world's biggest industries?
Does the comma before 'generating' make the answer precisely?
^^Thank you teachers...
The participle generating does not technically have a grammatical subject, but the sense is that it is travel and tourism that generate the income.
Removal of the comma would bind the participle more closely to industries. The resulting sentence would not make any real sense, as it would mean something like: Travel and tourism are now the world's biggest industries that produce amost 12% of the world's income12%. This would imply that there could be that some other activities could be smaller industries that produce almost 12% of the world's income. However, if they produced the same percentage of income, they could not be smaller!