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      • Native Language:
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    #1

    doing so ...

    1 He spoke out strongly against the North Korean government, doing so in a speech in Washington earlier this year.
    2 He told her he loved her, doing so in the cinema during the shower scene in Psycho.
    Dear all,

    I read both of "doing so ..." as present participle phrases. If yes, could you please tell me what they function as in my sentence in question? Thanks.


    LQZ

  1. lauralie2's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: doing so ...

    It's a reduction strategy: "doing so" is short for "and did so" which, in turn, reduces the length of the original verb phrase, like this:


    1. He spoke out strongly against the North Korean government, doing so ...


    • He spoke out strongly against the North Korean government, and spoke out strongly against the North Korean government in a speech ...

    2. He told her he loved her, doing so ...

    • He told her he loved her, and told her he loved her in the cinema ...

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